Richard Brooke Garnett (November 21, 1817 – July 3, 1863) was a profession United States Army officer and a Confederate common within the American Civil War. He was court-martialed by Stonewall Jackson for his actions in charge of the Stonewall Brigade on the First Battle of Kernstown, and killed throughout Pickett’s Charge on the Battle of Gettysburg.
Garnett bought inside 20 yards of the “Angle” on Cemetery Ridge earlier than he was killed, a bullet hanging him within the head as he waved his hat to induce his males ahead. His courier, Private Robert H. Irvine of the nineteenth Virginia, witnessed his loss of life. Irvine’s horse was hit and fell on Garnett, so the non-public pulled Garnett’s physique from beneath the animal and retrieved the overall’s watch, which he gave to the brigade adjutant. There are conflicting tales about whether or not Garnett’s horse, a bay gelding named Red Eye, returned to the Confederate strains. Although Garnett was sporting a brand new uniform, by some means his physique was by no means recognized and he was buried by Union troopers in a mass grave. Robert Ok. Krick presumes that his stays had been later transferred to Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond. Garnett and Armistead had been each killed; Kemper was gravely wounded.
Prior to beginning out towards the Union defenses on Cemetery Hill, Garnett conversed with Brig. Gen. Lewis Armistead, one other of Pickett’s brigade commanders, concerning the proposed cost. Garnett reportedly stated: “This is a determined factor to try.” to which Armistead added his prediction that “the slaughter can be horrible.”
During the Gettysburg Campaign, Garnett’s brigade continued within the division of George Pickett and, because of the order of march, didn’t attain the battlefield from Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, till late on the afternoon of July 2, 1863, lacking the primary two days of the Battle of Gettysburg. Pickett’s division was assigned by Gen. Lee to guide an awesome assault on the Union’s middle on Cemetery Ridge on July 3. Garnett’s brigade was within the entrance rank of Pickett’s division, on the left, subsequent to Brig. Gen. James L. Kemper’s brigade. Garnett was in no form to guide an infantry cost; he was affected by fever and an injured leg when his horse kicked him and he couldn’t stroll. But Garnett yearned to settle the report of his army dishonor from Kernstown, which the aborted court-martial couldn’t. Despite protestations from different officers, Garnett insisted on main his troopers into battle on horseback, turning into a conspicuous goal for Union riflemen.
Stonewall Jackson was gravely wounded at Chancellorsville and died quickly after from pneumonia. Upon Jackson’s loss of life, Garnett returned to Richmond the place the overall’s physique lay in state. Despite his skilled disagreement with Jackson, Garnett put aside any in poor health will in opposition to him and served as a pall bearer together with Longstreet, Richard S. Ewell, and others at his funeral.
Lee ordered Jackson to launch Garnett from arrest and he was assigned to command the injured George Pickett’s brigade in Lt. Gen. James Longstreet’s First Corps within the Army of Northern Virginia. Garnett commanded the brigade credibly on the Battle of Antietam in September, after which he assumed everlasting command of the brigade on November 26 when Pickett was promoted to divisional command, and on the Battle of Fredericksburg that December. He didn’t take part within the Battle of Chancellorsville in May 1863 as a result of Longstreet’s Corps was assigned duties in Suffolk, Virginia.
During Jackson’s Valley Campaign of 1862, Garnett’s army profession took a downward flip on the First Battle of Kernstown in March. Jackson marched his military 40 miles (64 km) to intercept a portion of the Union Army beneath Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks. On March 23, Jackson’s cavalry commander, Col. Turner Ashby, introduced defective intelligence that the retreating Union division of Brig. Gen. James Shields had 4 regiments within the rear exterior Winchester, Virginia. Since that pressure was of comparable measurement to Jackson’s, he ordered Garnett and the Stonewall Brigade to assault. Unfortunately, Shields had a full infantry division available, virtually 9,000 males, twice the dimensions of Jackson’s pressure. The assault went badly and Garnett, discovering his brigade low on ammunition and surrounded by forces attacking from three sides, ordered a retreat. Jackson was infuriated and accused Garnett of disobeying orders, since he didn’t have Jackson’s permission to retreat. Jackson, nicely referred to as a strict disciplinarian, arrested Garnett for “neglect of obligation” on April 1 and relieved him of command. Garnett’s court-martial began in August 1862, with solely Jackson and his aide giving testimony. However the trial was suspended because of the begin of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Northern Virginia Campaign and the Second Battle of Bull Run that August.
Garnett resigned his fee within the U.S. Army on May 17, 1861, and entered the Confederate States Army. His first task in Virginia was as a serious of artillery in May, after which as lieutenant colonel of Cobb’s Georgia Legion on August 31. He was promoted to brigadier common on November 14, 1861, and commanded the first Brigade of the Valley District of the Confederate Army of the Potomac, which was the brigade initially shaped by Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, the Stonewall Brigade; Jackson was now in total command within the Shenandoah Valley.
During the Mexican–American War, he served in workers positions in New Orleans, and was promoted to first lieutenant on February 16, 1847. He realized of the outbreak of the Civil War whereas serving in California as a captain, the rank to which he had been promoted on May 9, 1855. Despite believing strongly that the Union shouldn’t be dissolved, he returned to Virginia to combat for his native state and the Confederacy.
Garnett was born on the “Rose Hill” property in Essex County, Virginia, the son of William Henry Garnett and Anna Maria Brooke, each of primarily English ancestry. He had a twin brother, William, who died in Norfolk in 1855. He was the cousin of Robert M. T. Hunter in addition to Robert Selden Garnett, additionally a Confederate common, who holds the doubtful distinction of being the primary common officer killed in the course of the Civil War. Both of the Garnetts graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1841, with Richard standing twenty ninth out of 52 cadets, two spots under Robert. Garnett was commissioned as a second lieutenant within the sixth U.S. Infantry and he served in a wide range of posts in Florida, combating the Seminoles, after which within the West, the place he commanded Fort Laramie, rode with the Utah Expedition, and was a famous Indian fighter.