John Shirley Wood (January 11, 1888 – July 2, 1966) was a United States Army main normal who a profession officer who served in World War I. He is most notable for coaching and commanding the 4th Armored Division, which spearheaded General George S. Patton’s Third Army drive throughout France throughout World War II.
From August 1931 to 1932, he was Assistant to the Commandant of Cadets at West Point. From 1932 to August 1937, Wood was Professor of Military Science and Tactics at Culver Military Academy. On August 1, 1937, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He was commander of third Battalion, eightieth Field Artillery Regiment from August 1937 to September 1939. From September 1939 to 1940, Wood served as Chief of Staff for General Stanley D. Embick, Commanding General of Third Army.
In 1921, he was assigned as government officer of the eleventh Field Artillery Regiment in Hawaii. He was a distinguished graduate of his class on the United States Army Command and General Staff College in June 1924. (Patton was the Honor Graduate.) From June 1924 to May 1927, he was Executive Officer of the Motorized Artillery Brigade at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. From May 1927 to July 1929, he commanded 2nd Battalion, sixteenth Field Artillery Regiment at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. In July 1929, he started the course at France’s Écoles Supérieures de Guerre, from which he graduated in August 1931.
In February 1919, he was transferred to the Field Artillery and have become Professor of Military Science and Tactics on the University of Wisconsin.
Wood then attended the French Staff School at Langres, from which he graduated in September. The college was created to show planning and administration expertise to officers, and his classmates included George S. Patton, William Hood Simpson, and Alexander Patch. He returned to the United States in October 1918 and was assigned as Personnel Officer of the 18th Division at Camp Travis, Texas.
He served on the staffs of the third Division and ninetieth Division and took half within the Battle of Château-Thierry and Battle of Saint-Mihiel.
In March 1918, he sailed for France with the third Division and took part in navy operations at Chateau Thierry from May to June.
Wood was commissioned a second lieutenant within the Coast Artillery on June 12, 1912. He made an early mark in navy lecturers, together with assistant soccer coach and Chemistry teacher at West Point. Wood wrote on navy subjects, and his articles and critiques and digests of navy literature from different international locations, together with France, Germany, Italy and Spain appeared in skilled journals all through his profession. In August 1916, he returned to the United States Military Academy school. He was promoted to captain on May 15, 1917 and main on December 18.
Wood had taught chemistry whereas on the University of Arkansas, and at West Point he acquired his first nickname, “P” for “professor” as a result of he used his expertise as an teacher to tutor many academically poor classmates.
John S. Wood was born in Monticello, Arkansas on January 11, 1888, and was the son of Arkansas Supreme Court Justice Carroll D. Wood and Reola (Thompson) Wood. John Wood graduated from the University of Arkansas in three years, in 1907, was a member of the Kappa Alpha Order and was quarterback and captain of the soccer staff. In 1908, he started attendance on the United States Military Academy; he graduated in 1912, and lettered in soccer, wrestling and boxing.
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